Since ancient times, metal materials have been used in many fields and furniture production. Metal, mainly used as connecting elements, accessories and carriers, is now also used to form complete furniture. Copper, gold, silver and iron are the most widely used metals in the past, while steel and aluminum are the most widely used metals in furniture production today.
The processing of metal is similar to the previous period. They can be formed by heating and bending, by force or by cutting, drilling and abrasion techniques. However, technological advances and the continuous development of new production technologies and new materials also help to create new forms. Due to its technological opportunities and psychological impact, the metal used in furniture production is the material of choice for industry, designers and consumers. It ensures the easy forming and connection of materials, the ability, durability and recycling ability in standard sizes.
Metals usually symbolize grand or advanced technology psychologically. However, because the perception and technical characteristics of each metal may be different, it is important to choose according to the purpose and purpose of the materials used. For example, use stainless steel in places where hygiene is needed, use aluminum in places where portability is required, or bronze or gold may be preferred where honors are emphasized.
In today's evolving technology, the boundaries are removed, everything is changing rapidly, and furniture design is also affected. Where fast, trouble-free and economical production is required, mass production is inevitable. Furniture design is now driven by technological innovation. While continuously developing material technology, the psychological aspects of furniture have become more and more important in order to stand out in a competitive environment.
Metal materials have found their place in various fields in the industry, such as high thermal conductivity and electrical conductivity, brightness and shape change trends. The production of various metals in modern industry provides the use of these materials to replace wood in the fields of construction and furniture.
When it comes to furniture, the first thing that comes to mind is products made of wood. Undoubtedly, this pre-judgment is due to the fact that wood is the most commonly used material in furniture production in the past. Unlike metal furniture, you can find a wide range of technologies, production and design publications, and research on wooden furniture. However, iron and aluminum are easily available elements on earth and can be recycled.
The field of metals and applications is becoming more and more diverse. The use of metal in the furniture industry is expanding and has contributed to furniture design. The importance of metals in furniture design comes from their suitability for industrial production because they are fast, mass-produced and economical. Unlike wood, the characteristics of metal have not changed, it is important to mass production with caution.
With the help of the machine, it is easy to handle heavy objects, and if necessary, parts can be easily replaced with smaller connectors. This feature of the material provides advantages in the transportation, storage and transportation of products. This metal is both flexible and durable, bringing new possibilities to furniture design. Metal is a material that easily forms the desired shape.
With the development of new production technologies, the design possibilities are also expanding. However, metals other than aluminum used in furniture are heavy, limiting the use of these materials in furniture. Due to the fact that aluminum is a light metal, aluminum technology has been developed and the use of aluminum has become widespread. The metal's non-porous, easy-to-clean and odor-free structure makes this material indispensable in hospitals and kitchens that require hygiene.
In furniture, metal was used in the form of decorative accessories or reinforcing elements before the 19th century. Since the 19th century, furniture made entirely of metal has become popular. Although metal has gained an advantage over wood by virtue of its industrial production advantages, wood technology has developed considerably since the 20th century. Moreover, new materials based on plastics have been discovered and have a place in the furniture industry. However, metallic materials have become a symbol of this period of the modern movement in the early 20th century and still continue to represent modernism, advanced technology, and strength and wealth. Despite some disadvantages, such as weight and size limitations, metallic materials are still recyclable, durable, and low-maintenance materials, so they are the materials of choice.
Today, especially the development of steel and aluminum technology is accompanied by innovation. The constant development of metal materials can bring innovations to furniture design, the relationship between technology and design, and users is very important.
Furniture is a reflection of social, economic and cultural level. The choice of materials, use, design style, and color suggest the time they are in. In addition, new materials or new styles are usually used as chairs first. For example, the metal chair and its variants can be easily tested and introduced into the field, and people can directly touch and test it. Furniture, usually chairs, usually plays an important role in the development of new materials. Thanks to technological opportunities, metal materials have been influencing furniture design since ancient times.
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